Glossary

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Abrasion: a scraped spot or area; the result of rubbing or abrading

Accutane: a brand of isotretinoin

Acne: an inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands, characterized by comedones and pimples, esp. on the face, back, and chest, and, in severe cases, by cysts and nodules resulting in scarring.

Allergies: an abnormal reaction of the body to a previously encountered allergen introduced by inhalation, ingestion, injection, or skin contact, often manifested by itchy eyes, runny nose, wheezing, skin rash, or diarrhea.

Amino Acids: Basic organic molecules that combine to form proteins. Amino acids are made up of hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen. Some examples of amino acids are lysine, phenylalanine, and tryptophan.

Blood Vessels: The flexible tubular canals through which blood circulates in the body. Arteries, veins, and capillaries are all kinds of blood vessels.

Botox: A trademark for a preparation of botulinum toxin, used to treat blepharospasms, strabismus, and muscle dystonias and to smooth facial wrinkles.

Cell: a usually microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytoplasmic material enclosed by a semipermeable membrane and, in plants, a cell wall; the basic structural unit of all organisms.

Cellulite: lumpy fat deposits, esp. in the thighs and buttocks

Chromophore: A chemical group capable of selective light absorption resulting in the coloration of certain organic compounds.

Collagen: main protein of connective tissue in animals and the most abundant protein in mammals, making up about 25% of the whole-body protein content.

Contraceptive: refers to a set of intentional behaviors, medications or devices followed in order to deliberately prevent or reduce the likelihood of impregnation

Cosmetic Dermal Filler: smooth consistency gel made of hyaluronic acid - a naturally occurring substance in your skin that helps to add volume and hydration.

Cosmetic: superficial measures to make something appear better, more attractive, or more impressive

Cutaneous: of, pertaining to, or affecting the skin

Dermabrasion: the removal of acne scars, dermal nevi, or the like, by abrading.

Dermoelectroporation®: a method, carried out through TransdermŪ Ionto System cleared by FDA, that allows the transdermal delivery of drugs through a previous microdermabrasion, that lowers the skin impedance, and a pulsed Ionthophoresis, with waveforms similar to electroporation, but with a lower and controlled intensity, for the local administration of ionic drug solutions

Elastin fibers: bundles of proteins (elastin) found in connective tissue and produced by fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells in arteries.

Electrolysis: the destruction of hair roots, tumors, etc., by an electric current.

Enzymes: Any of numerous proteins or conjugated proteins produced by living organisms and functioning as biochemical catalysts.

Follicles: A crypt or minute cul-de-sac or lacuna, such as the depression in the skin from which the hair emerges.

Genetics: the science of heredity, dealing with resemblances and differences of related organisms resulting from the interaction of their genes and the environment.

Hair follicle: a small cavity in the epidermis and corium of the skin, from which a hair develops

Herpes: any of several diseases caused by herpesvirus, characterized by eruption of blisters on the skin or mucous membranes

Hormone therapy: the use of hormones in medical treatment

Hyaluronic acid: non-sulfated glycosaminoglycan distributed widely throughout connective, epithelial, and neural tissues.

Hydration: any of a class of compounds containing chemically combined water

Hyper-pigmentation: Excess pigment in a tissue or body part.

Insulin: a polypeptide hormone, produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas, that regulates the metabolism of glucose and other nutrients.

Ischemic attack: A TIA is a "warning stroke" or "mini-stroke" that produces stroke-like symptoms but no lasting damage. Recognizing and treating TIAs can reduce your risk of a major stroke.

Keloid: an abnormal proliferation of scar tissue, as on the site of a surgical incision.

Keratosis Pilaris: lesions on the outer skin layer

Laser facial: a technique that can remove the upper layers of the skin on your face using a laser.

Laser Hair Removal Procedure: use of a FDA approved laser to remove unwanted hair from various parts of the body.

Laser skin rejuvenation: a treatment to resurface your skin, or to improve the texture, clarity and overall appearance of your skin.

Liposuction: the surgical withdrawal of excess fat from local areas under the skin by means of a small incision and vacuum suctioning.

Melasma: a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives

Mesoderm: the middle germ layer of a metazoan embryo.

Mesotherapy: an alternative medicine treatment of injecting chemicals just under the skin to stimulate or break down tissues in the mesoderm

Microdermabrasian: a cosmetic procedure in which the face is sprayed with abrasive crystals to remove dead epidermal cells

Muscle contraction: (also known as a muscle twitch or simply twitch) occurs when a muscle fiber generates tension through the action of actin and myosin cross-bridge cycling.

Nasolabial folds: facial features, the two skin folds that run from each side of the nose to the corners of the mouth. They separate the cheeks from the upper lip. The term derives from Latin nasus for "nose" and labium for "lip".

Nerve: one or more bundles of fibers forming part of a system that conveys impulses of sensation, motion, etc., between the brain or spinal cord and other parts of the body.

Pigmentation: coloration with or deposition of pigment

Pigmented lesions: due to an excess of pigment in the skin, usually due to sunlight exposure and congenital factors

Pores: A minute opening in tissue, as in the skin of an animal, serving as an outlet for perspiration, or in a plant leaf or stem, serving as a means of absorption and transpiration

Precancerous actinic keratoses lesions: a scaly or crusty bump that arises on the skin surface

Proteins: any of numerous, highly varied organic molecules constituting a large portion of the mass of every life form and necessary in the diet of all animals and other nonphotosynthesizing organisms, composed of 20 or more amino acids linked in a genetically controlled linear sequence into one or more long polypeptide chains, the final shape and other properties of each protein being determined by the side chains of the amino acids and their chemical attachments: proteins include such specialized forms as collagen for supportive tissue, hemoglobin for transport, antibodies for immune defense, and enzymes for metabolism.

Spider Vein: smaller, red, purple and blue vessels that are also twisted and turning. Spider veins are easily visible and are found just under the skin.

Sun spots: hyperpigmented, single or multiple brown spots located on areas of the skin that have been exposed to the sun.

Thermal: Of, relating to, using, producing, or caused by heat.

Tissues: An aggregation of morphologically similar cells and associated intercellular matter acting together to perform one or more specific functions in the body. There are four basic types of tissue: muscle, nerve, epidermal, and connective.

Topical anesthetics: a local anesthetic that is used to numb the surface of a body part

Transdermal - Harmacology: applied to the skin, usually as part of an adhesive patch, for absorption into the bloodstream.

Vessels: A duct, canal, or other tube that contains or conveys a body fluid: a blood vessel.

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